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Historical Miniatures: Antiquity
All civilizations and subjects not otherwise grouped herein.
WIP Qin terracotta soldier
cptan
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Puchong, Malaysia
Member Since: September 04, 2005
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Posted: Friday, February 29, 2008 - 07:16 AM UTC
Guys,
It seems to me I've been lazy on figure modelling lately :-( My Spartan warrior is currently under painting process and I got boring and start working on this project "Qin terracotta soldier".

Background Reference:
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Qin (Ch'in) ShiHuang, as the First Emperor of China, claimed a mandate from heaven and took with him a terracotta army of nearly 8,000 soldiers when he died. This archaeological treasure is one of the most magnificent sites of antiquity. The army lies in three separate pits, in battle formation, nearly one kilometer east of Qin ShiHuang's mausoleum-tomb. They guard him in death as they did in real life. The original terracotta army were armed with real weapon. Lots of various bronze weapon were excavate from the mausoleum...


Reference to the terracotta army, there're various type of hair styles...



WIP HEAD:
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The plan is to build a lively figure (not terracotta doll) of the Imperial Qin Heavy Infantry wearing full plated armour in 1/16 scale. As usual, I've started with the head. I'm using one of my scratchbuilt asian feature spare head... Pic A is the mentioned spare head protected by a coat of Humbrol paint. Pic B shown the basic hair with Epoxy Putty. Refernce to the resources display above, I'm using wires to represent the braided hair style at the back of the head (Pic C and D).


Pic E is the head with detachable braided bun added for test fit. After the moustache apply with putty. I notice the face looks like he's smiling... So I've resculpted the mouth to make him looks a bit serious. More detail added such as enhanced the forehead hair line, eyebrows, the cloth at the base of the braided bun (Pic F). Pic G is the final head.


Continue 2 WIP posting....


CPTan
cptan
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Posted: Friday, February 29, 2008 - 07:18 AM UTC
2nd WIP.... main body.

As a lazy guy like me... I've chosen one of commercial kit from Dragon 1/16 warrior series "German Feldgendarme" (kit #1618). I've chosen this particular figure as the basic mannequin because it's in the standing position and wearing a motocyclist leather jacket with long "skirt".


Pic H and I shows the original kit before "operation".


I've sand off all the detail and cut short the "skirt" length, putty add on to smoothern and level the surface to make the torso abit puffy (Pic J). Pic K is the front view after more fine sanding... Notice I've also "extended" the shoulders, this is to ensure the shoulders with a proper base and shape to take the shoulder armour later. Pic L is the back view,where I've keep some of the folds untouch.


Now the shoes. Pic M shows the original German boot of the kit. And Pic N is the final of my conversion. Note the shoes actualy looks like the hull of a Chinese junk in a matter of speaking


Continue 3rd WIP posting....


CPTan
cptan
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Puchong, Malaysia
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Posted: Friday, February 29, 2008 - 07:20 AM UTC
3rd WIP posting....

Here are the progress pictures of the weapon. There're lots of various sharp bronze weapon were from Mausoleum Excavations... But no artifact of shield present. This is because shield in those days were made of wood which decay through the years...

The only artifact of a Qin shield is a miniature model. The miniature shield is part of the half size scale-models of real war chariots made of bronze, faithfully copied down to the last detail, complete with 4 horses and people.


Base on the artifact mentioned above, I've scratchbuilt the shield with plastic card with additional detail of a wooden shield.



Metal surfaces of spears and swords were subjected to an oxidization treatment to prevent rust and harden them. Even today, the blades are as sharp as they were over 2,000 years ago. It's later known that sword were short (about 2 feet shape like the Roman gladius) in that period... not the long version famously used in Hong Kong movie. The favour of shorter sword in that period were mainly to prevent it from breaking since they were made of bronze. And of course loyal to the rule: "TO STAB TO DEATH, TO CUT TO HURT".

Below are pictures of the short sword from the excavations. Pict on the left is the Qin short sword, pict on the right is another famous sword of King GouJian of Yue state about the same period.


Historical note: Qin army later achieved in making longer sword (about 1 meter) which were used by their calvary... deploy the mobile strategies of the nomads, the Qin created a success in battle from having an advantage in mobility which end the era of the war chariot warfare.

My figure will be a foot soldier, which arm with a short sword. Using 1mm plastic card, I've scratchbuild the sword and it's scabbard.





OK, now the tedious part. Body armour plating. First I've drawn the guide line of the plating on the figure.


Then my first attempt on rivets was drilling 0.5mm wholes on the card and push putty from the back to form rivets... Which I found it took up too much time and the result was not convincing. Later I've decided by just cut glue the rectangular plates (cards) in place, then add on tiny ball of putties as rivets. I'm please with the result. Notice the arrangement of the plating overlapping from center to the side in horizontal row.



That's all for now. Stay tune for next WIP.

Enjoy and comment please.


CPTan
Tarok
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Victoria, Australia
Member Since: July 28, 2004
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Posted: Friday, February 29, 2008 - 08:16 AM UTC
Hi CP,

How are you my friend? Long time no hear

Wow! Now this is certainly an original figure. I cannot comment on the historical accuracy, so I must humbly defer to your knowledge, but the figure looks terrific!

Looking forward to your next installment.

Rudi
jba
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Posted: Friday, February 29, 2008 - 09:39 PM UTC
CPTan, I *really* like your work -the idea of using one of those Dragon 1/16 figs to create the body is great, and the face you have been sculpting is fantastic.
WIP? it seems to me like you're almost finished already..
JB
1969
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Posted: Sunday, March 02, 2008 - 07:38 AM UTC
Fantastic work CP and good to see you back around.I am all for converting ww2 german figures into something more usefull ,
Nice work on the conversion of the dragon body.

Steve
cptan
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Posted: Sunday, March 02, 2008 - 01:42 PM UTC
Thanx guys for the nice words and encouragement

I'm currently doing the armor plating ... piece by piece taken some snap shot along the way... I think I can post the next WIP early next week

Regards,
CPTan
beachbum
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Posted: Sunday, March 02, 2008 - 02:57 PM UTC
Excellent progress CP. I'm not sure if your eyes or your fingers if you don't loose any while cutting those plates will ever be the same after this project.

Btw wrote some suggestions in the other 'forum', I hope they're useful.
ROLANDQ
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Cape Province, South Africa
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Posted: Sunday, March 02, 2008 - 06:41 PM UTC
Lovely work.

I have looked at sculpting this figure in 120mm before, and love the subject of asian armour, unfortunately work and commissions just don't leave me time do do my own thing anymore.

Really like how this figure looks and look forward to seeing the end product.

cheers
Roland
Hwa-Rang
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Kobenhavn, Denmark
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Posted: Sunday, March 02, 2008 - 07:46 PM UTC
Wonderful piece of work thus far CP. Using the feldgendarme is not being lazy, that's being clever.
Graywolf
Staff MemberSenior Editor
HISTORICUS FORMA
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Posted: Sunday, March 02, 2008 - 10:00 PM UTC
My dear friend,
I just watched a documentary on BBC this weekend about restoration of Terracotta army... and saw your post this morning. Excellent idea and very nice work on conversion.
Keep safe
cptan
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Puchong, Malaysia
Member Since: September 04, 2005
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Posted: Tuesday, March 04, 2008 - 08:58 PM UTC
Continue my WIP posting...


PLATING ARRANGEMENT
-------------------
Pict T-1 shows the completed plating of upper body (until waistline). The plating of this section are arrange in overlapping, each plate covering the next... spreading from center to both sides in rows. The upper Rows covering the next rows from top to bottom. It's said that the above mentioned plating arrangement makes a stronger protection on the upper body.

While Pict T-2 shows the bottom section plating forming the "skirt" are arrange by the same manner in rows, but opposite direction with each row covered by the next row spreading from waist to bottom. This special arrangement (tied up by lacing) allows movement flexibility of the waist.

Pict T-3 shows the different length of the front and back "skirt". I've added a strap of plastic card as the leather belt. Base on history reference, Qin army wore leather belt below the waist line (loosely above the butt). The used of leather belt mainly to secure personal object such as pouch or scabbard (sword) in this case.



ARMOUR LACING
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Reference to the resource images, lacing appears on all movable plated armour of front and back "skirt". Pict U-2 shows the special lacing of movable plates around the neck allows easy wearing. There're "loop" and "T-knob" at the end of the lacing as button. I've also added the protective scuff (against the rough edged plates) wore around the neck similar to the Roman legionaire with their Lorica Segmenta armour.


Shoulder protective armour plates.



TEST FIT
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Parts are put together by Blue Tag for test fit.


Back view showing the position of the belt and scabbard.


Close-up of the test fit of head and scuff...



The figure is now ready for painting.... I'll need to do more research on the armour and tunic colour of this figure. According to images base on history researchers there seems to be quite colourful outfit.


On the other hand, there're also scholars claims that the colourful outfit were probably Imperial Palace Guard, while the field mighty Qin army favour Black on their banners and uniform... which the new finding also shows black armour with red lacing.



Anyway I'll need to continue painting my pending 120mm Spartan first, then come back to this warrior later. Probably will post a new thread of the painted figure

That's all for now. Enjoy and comment please.


Regards,
CPTan

PS. The worst night-mare was the plating and rivets, but I'm quite please with the final result.
1969
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Posted: Thursday, March 06, 2008 - 09:27 AM UTC
Great progres CP and very informative SBS.Your attention to detail on the armour has paid of to repay you with some fantastic work.

Steve
Hwa-Rang
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Kobenhavn, Denmark
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Posted: Thursday, March 06, 2008 - 07:14 PM UTC
You've really nailed this one CP. Fantastic piece of work.
auburn
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Posted: Friday, March 07, 2008 - 01:06 PM UTC
Mate,..great wee piece of work,...its got my small brain ticking over...enjoyed watching your approach to his armor......
good stuff..Phil...
Vic
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Posted: Saturday, March 08, 2008 - 02:13 AM UTC

I'm a bit slow spotting this one.

Great idea, lovely work and very interesting to watch as it developes.

All the best

Vic
cptan
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Puchong, Malaysia
Member Since: September 04, 2005
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Posted: Monday, March 10, 2008 - 01:21 PM UTC
Thanx guys for your support, I'm always interested in ancient armour be it oriental or medieval...

I've dream to sculpt a Samurai armour one day, but the complex lacing really scares me. Anyone knows any trick or tips to do this?

Thanx in advance,
CPTan
trakk120
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Posted: Wednesday, March 19, 2008 - 06:35 PM UTC
Excellent work CP! You really have done a stirling job! The plate armour and the face / head are indeed a masterpiece. Can't wait to see it painted up!

Arthur